Dating of ramayana
Ramayana A collection of written and oral, verse and prose narratives on the life, values, conflicts, and adventures of the Lord Rama; indigenous to India and Asia.Originating in India and dating from at least the third century b.c., the Ramayana is an episodic epic story reflecting religious, political, and social beliefs and moral doctrines.Textual History The Ramayana is not a single text, but instead is comprised of many texts, as well as oral renditions. Watanabe, writing in 1907, the earliest record of the Ramayana is a Chinese Buddhist text of disputed date.
Primarily of Hindu origin, the Ramayana also exists in other versions within some Buddhist and other Asian religious traditions.There are texts of Ramayana in several regional languages, including Sanskrit, Chinese, Thai, Telugu, Bengali, Kashmiri, and Tamil.Although Valmiki's historical existence is not firmly established, he is supposed to have written the Ramayana at the request of Rama's banished wife, Sita, for the benefit of Rama's children, Luv and Kush.Valmiki's text is the forerunner of innumerable written “tellings,” a term coined by A. Ramajuna in order to convey the authority of every version.
The many texts reflect the cultures in which they were written and differ from each other in myriad ways, including variances in character, stories, and motives.In 1979, a group of South Asian women presented a feminist, anti-neo-nazi version of the Ramayana in London, and in 1989, an elaborate production of the Ramayana was serialized on Indian television, achieving immense national popularity.